Five Pillars of Islam- Shahadah-Salat-Zakat-Fasting-Hajj


Five Pillars of Islam.

In Islam, A Muslim have to perform these Five Basic Duties in His Life which are Mandatory to be a Muslim. They Are:-

  1. Shahadah
  2. Salat
  3. Zakat
  4. Fasting
  5. Hajj

1. Shahadah:

For a Muslim the First Pillar of Islam is to declare and belief of Their Faith that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is God’s messenger. Every Muslim Have to Believe this:-

Declaration in Arabic and Translation:-

لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله

LA ILAHA ILLALLAH Muhammadur Rasulullah

It Means: “There is no god but God (and) Muhammad is the messenger of God.”

Shahadah in Arabic and Translation

أشهد أن لااله الا الله
وأشهد ان محمد رسول الله

Ashhadu Alla Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammad Rasulu Allah

It Means: I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Messenger.

2. Salat:

Salat is The Word in Arabic for Prayer. Muslims Have to perform Daily Five Times Prayer, They Can Perform these prayers anywhere Like Office, Home, Building, Garden etc., but it should be clean. It is better to Perform Prayer in Mosque. Muslims have to offer their prayer by facing their face towards Kaaba (Makkah), before this they have to Wash their hands and face which is called abulation or Wadu (Islamic Way of Cleanliness). There are Five Prayers Which Are offered at Different times of the day. These Prayers Are Fajar, Zohar, Assar, Magrib and Eishan. For more Details on Prayers Click Here/Read more…

3. Zakat:

It Means Charity and this is done to make pure or purifying one’s wealth from the Allah’s blessing. Zakat is Compulsory for All Muslims who are Wealthy. Muslims Should Do Charity and Charity Could Be of Money as well as Good Deeds. Muslims Have to Donate a Portion of Money from Their Income to the Poor’s and Needy People. Charity should not be given as loan or for Promotion means. Payment should be in kind. A Muslims intentions should be clear for charity. Zakat is Fard as Allah Told Muslims to give zakat in Quran in Chapter 9 Verses 103:

خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase, and invoke [Allah’s blessings] upon them. Indeed, your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

Zakat is Compulsory for All Adult Muslims, and The Amount of Zakat to be paid is 2.5% of Income.

4. Fasting:

Muslims Use to do fasting in the month of Ramadan. In this month Muslims do not eat or drink anything from dawn to dusk. Every Adult Muslim have to perform Fasting, in this month they believed that the devils are chained up and the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed. Fasting is exceptional for those who are travelling and for those who are seriously ill, very elders and Kids. Muslims belief that in this month Rewards for the good Deeds are multiplied Upto 700 times. Muslims use to offer extra Prayers in this Months.  Click Here/Read more…

5. Hajj:

Hajj is a Pilgrimage to Makkah. This Pilgrimage is offered in the Month of Dhu’l-hIjjah, which is the Twelfth Month of Islamic Calendar. After this pilgrimage Eid-al Zuha or Festival of Sacrifice is celebrated. During This Pilgrimage All Muslims Around the world is gathered at Makkah to offer hajj. Hajj is offered on eighth, ninth and tenth day of this month. Every Muslim Who is able (wealth wise an Health wise) Should Perform Hajj in his life at least once. Hajj is Offered in a special dress called Ihram Clothes this clothes are just two White Sheets of Clothes. Muslims use to walk anti-clock wise to the Kaaba to perform hajj. Performing Hajj is not achievement it is Submission. For More Details On How Hajj is Performed Click Here/Read more…


Ramadan Best of all Months Why Fasting is Necessary and Ramazan Details


What is Ramadan?

Muslims Follows Islamic Calendar (Lunar Calendar Based on Moon) and the Ninth Month of Islamic Calendar is Ramadan.

Muslims Celebrate this month by Fasting, and this is celebrated Worldwide.

Ramadan is the month when the Holy Book Quran has been revealed to Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH).

Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. (These Five Pillars are the Main Foundation for Muslims.)

  1. Faith: that there is only one God(Allah) and that Muhammadis God’s messenger.
  2. Prayer: five daily prayers
  3. Charity: If Able then, Giving to the Needy
  4. Fasting: Also Called as Swam (Fasting in the Month of Ramadan)
  5. Hajj: Applicable to Muslims Who Are able (Wealthy) Pilgrimage to Mecca.


For More Details on Five Pillars of Islam Click Here/Read More…

What is Fasting?

Fasting in the month of Ramadan is Fard (Click Here for what is Fard) This Is Compulsory for every Adult Muslim, Except Those Muslims who are Travelling and The Conditions are unfavorable to have fasted, and for those who are seriously ill, and very elder and unable to fast, etc.

Fasting is from dawn to dusk, there are many Criteria for fixing the Schedule for fasting Click Here to Know More…

In Between, This Muslim are not allowed to Consume any Food, Drinks, Smoking and Any Sexual Activities. Muslims are also not allowed to listen to music, party etc, and they are not allowed to speak any unlawful speech or use the abusive language they can’t lie, backbiting, insulting, etc.

Why Fasting is Necessary?

Because Allah told Muslims to do Fasting In The Quran, Chapter 2, Verse 185 it states that:-

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ ۚ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ ۖ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۗ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

“The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you, and perhaps you will be grateful”. – SAHIH INTERNATIONAL(Translation).


As per Islam, it is Believed that Ramzan is the Best of all Months as the Holy Book of Muslims has been Revealed in this month to the Prophet Muhammad SAW(PBUH). The First revelation was sent down on the night of  Laylat al-Qadr (Click Here to Know more What is Laylat al-Qadr.) Which is also called as the Night of Powers.


Who Can Fast?

Muslims Have to Fast. As per Quran Allah told Muslims to Fast in the month of Ramadan. To get closer to Allah, for acquiring Patience, for refining manners, for being more charitable etc. Click Here to Know More On Benefits Of Fasting.

Prophet Muhammad SAW Said

Prophet Muhammad SAW(PBUH) Said: Whenever anyone eats next to a fasting person, the angels perform dua for the fasting person until the other finishes eating.

Prophet Muhammad SAW(PBUH) Said: “Whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, all his previous sins will be forgiven.

Prophet Muhammad SAW(PBUH) Said: Fasting is shield it will protect you from the hellfire and prevent you from sins.

Belief of Ramadan

Muslims Belief that in the month of Ramadan Gates of Heaven are Opened and the Gates of Hell are Closed and in the month of Ramadan all devils are Chained up.

Muslims also Belief that in the Month of Ramadan one can change Positively by learning discipline, In the month of Ramadan a Muslim Person can learn self-control by fasting and avoiding Unless things. They become More Charitable, Social Relations becomes Better, There are many Health Benefits of Fasting in Ramadan.

In the month of Ramadan Muslims are Believed that the Reward for good Work And Prayers Charity will be Multiplied to 700 Times.

And There is One Night Called Laylat al-Qadar which is Better than 1000 Months. And This Night will be in the Last Ten Days of Ramadan in Odd Days. When Muslims Are Highly Rewarded For Their Prayers. (Click Here to Know More on Laylat al-Qadar)

Details About Ramadan

The Month of Ramadan is generally of 29 Days or 30 Days. And as per Islam, it is Divided into 3 Parts.

  1. First Ten Days of Mercy: In This (1-10 Days) Muslims Have Should have to Seek Mercy From Allah.
  2. Second Ten Days of Forgiveness: In this (11-20 Days) Muslims Should seek Allah’s Forgiveness and Repent for sins in those days.
  3. And the last Ten Days for Protecting from Hellfire: In This(21-30 Days) Muslims Should Pray From Allah to Protect us from the Hellfire.


Acts to Be Avoided During Ramadan

Any Activity which leads to Sins or Which Are Unpleasant are Avoided at any time but It should be Especially Take care in the month of Ramadan, As The Rewards are Multiplied by 700 times in this Month Then Obviously Sins are also multiplied.

During Ramadan Muslims Especially Take Care of Backbiting,

Verbal Abuse and Use of Vulgar Language,

False Speech or Telling Lies,

Smoking and Drinking Intoxicants Like Alcoholic Beverages

Listening or Singing to Non-Islamic Music and Songs,

Reading Or Accessing Books-websites which doesn’t teach anything just the Waste of Time.

Wasting Resources like water, Purchasing Too Many Clothes, Wasting Money Uselessly

And have to take care of Food, No Wastage of Food. As Ramadan, Itself Teaches a Muslim how to respect food by Fasting and it Remind us as many of them don’t get one-time food in a day in many Countries.

Acts Which Are Highly Rewarded in Ramadan

Muslims Should Not Miss any Prayer- Have to perform Daily Five times Prayer with all Sunnah Prayers also.

Be Charitable- to the needy Person Give Lot’s Of Charity to the Poor And Needy People

Observing Itikaf (Itikaf: Means Staying in Mosque for a Certain Days For Devoting Oneself to Allah.)

Praying On Layout al-Qadar

Reciting Quran-Try to Read Each Chapter each Day 30 (Quran Have 30 Chapters)Chapter for 30 Fasting Days in Ramadan.

Providing Food to the Persons who are Fasting.

Pray all 5 Daily Salaah’s On Time

Study And Learn Islamic Knowledge

Try To Learn Quran

Do Lots of Dua(Pray)

Avoid Arguing and Fighting.

How Schedule is Fixed For Fasting

As Muslims Follows Islamic Calendar which is based on Moon’s Phases the New Moon or the Crescent moon Starts the Islamic Month.

Islamic Year is 12 Months, 354 Days. Which is 11 Days Shorter then Georgian Calendar.

Muslims Have to finish their Breakfast Before Fajar Prayer which is usally prayed before SunRises and they can have food just 10 Minutes Before Magrib Prayer which is Prayed Just After Sunset.

For More Details On Timing Of Prayers Refer This Link


Disclaimer: We make every effort to verify all information in but it’s always better to double consult the information from your local mosque. If there is any issue/concern or in case you find any error, please email us at